by Steph Rhebergen, DVM, Abbotsford BC, Canada
A two-year old purebred red-and-white Holstein cow was referred for acupuncture a day after complications from an epidural during an embryo transfer procedure. The cow had collapsed after the administration of the epidural and was unable to rise for about two hours. When she was finally able to get up, she exhibited mild ataxia, decreased perineal tone, abdominal pressing to defecate and abnormal tail carriage. The owner said her appetite had decreased and she appeared to be uncomfortable.