Course Overview and Objectives 

Integrative Small Animal Ophthalmology is a 41-CE-hour RACE approved course (25 for the conventional portion, 16 for the TCVM portion). The primary objective of this course in veterinary ophthalmology is to improve the ophthalmic diagnostic and surgical skills of veterinary practitioners in order that they can provide higher levels of care to animals with eye problems. This will begin with a review of ophthalmic terminology, anatomy, physiology and pharmacology of the animal eye. Basic and advanced ophthalmic examination and diagnostic techniques of animals, and the diagnosis and treatment of common ophthalmic disĀ­orders of animals will be covered in detail. Discussions on how to perform basic and advanced ophthalmic diagnostic procedures will be taught. 

Students may choose to take either the Conventional Small Animal, the TCVM Ophthalmology, or both portions.


Learning Objectives

Conventional Portion: Small Animal 25 hours  

  • How to perform a complete examination of the eye of animals using basic and advanced instrumentation
  • Recognize clinical signs associated with uveitis and how to differentiate uveitis as a clinical entity separate from other primary ocular diseases that are accompanied by secondary uveitis
  • Understand indications for and how to perform basic ophthalmic surgical procedures for the veterinary practitioners
  • Appreciate normal anatomic structure, function and appearance of the cornea
  • Understand the diagnostic approach to corneal disease, particularly ulcers
  • Recognize when surgery is indicated 
  • Recognize the most common abnormalities of the lens
  • Understand normal anatomy of posterior segment, especially retina and optic nerve
  • Understand the eye’s response to disease elsewhere in the body and the potential consequences for the animal’s comfort and vision

TCVM Portion:  16 hours

  • Understanding the TCVM Approach to ophthalmology
  • TCVM treatments for corneal disease, glaucoma and cataracts
  • Evaluate Five Rings and Eight Regions of TCVM eyes   
  • Compare and contrast TCVM diagnosis and treatment of equine corneal diseases and recurrent uveitis
  • Define and describe TCVM diagnosis and treatment of KCS (dry eye), corneal ulcers and uveitis in dogs
  • Define and describe TCVM diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma, cataracts in horses and dogs
  • Demonstrate proper usage of local ocular acupuncture and topical application of herbal medicine


TCVM Speakers

Huisheng Xie DVM, PhD received his DVM from the China Southwest University College of Veterinary Medicine in 1983, after which he received his MS in Veterinary Acupuncture from China Agricultural University (CAU) in 1988. He was an assistant and associate professor at CAU College of Veterinary Medicine before he left China in 1994 to pursue his doctoral studies in America. He received his PhD from the University of Florida for his investigation of the mechanisms of pain control in horses using acupuncture in 1999. He has been an assistant and associate professor of the Integrative Medicine Service in the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Florida since 1999. In 1998, Dr. Xie founded the Chi Institute, where he continues to teach and develop educational courses. Dr. Xie’s academic accomplishments are extensive: have authored over 20 books and over 100 peer-reviewed articles.

Hanwen Cheng DVM, MS, CVA practices in New Taipei city, Taiwan. He received his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from National Chia Yi University. Dr. Cheng is the President of The Chinese Society of Traditional Veterinary Science, and the Vice Chairman of the Fourth Members Conference of Asian Society of Traditional Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Cheng has been invited to speak by different veterinary medical associations, including the International Veterinary Acupuncture Society, the Chinese Society of Traditional Veterinary Science, the Chi Institute and various universities. Dr. Cheng received the Taiwan Outstanding Veterinarian Award by National Veterinary Festival in 1999 and was recognized as one of the Top Ten International TCVM Practitioners by Global Sun Samiao in 2012. 

Main Course Speaker

Dennis E. Brooks DVM, PhD passed the certifying examination of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists in 1984. Dr. Brooks received a PhD in 1987 from the University of Florida College of Medicine. Dr. Brooks has been a scientist and clinician in academia, and is a Professor Emeritus of Ophthalmology at the University of Florida. He was the President of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists from 1997-1998.  

Dr. Brooks has written over 170 academic scientific publications, 76 book chapters, received $2.3 million in research grants, and has given over 300 lectures both nationally and internationally in comparative ophthalmology. His book, Equine Ophthalmology, was published in 2002 and again in 2008. His book, Small Animal Ophthalmology, was published in 2011. He received the British Equine Veterinary Association’s Sir Frederick Smith Memorial Lecture and Medal Recipient in 2007, and received the Frank J. Milne State of the Art Award of the American Association of Equine Practitioners in 2010. Dr. Brooks has extensive experience in amnion grafting, corneal transplantation and cataract surgeries of the horse.